The park and conservation
area is situated in the Sankhuwasabha and Solukhumbu
districts, bordered by the Arun River on the east, Sagarmatha
(Mt. Everest) National Park on the west, the Nepal-Tibet
border on the north and Saune Danda (ridge) to the south.
The Park covers 2,330 sq. kms.
This is the only protected area in Nepal
with designation of a Strict Nature Reserve. It has
some of the richest and most unique pockets of plants
and animals in Nepal, elsewhere lost to spreading human
habitation. Stepping up the slopes are a series of vegetation
zones starting with tropical sal forest below 1,000
m. elevation: subtropical schima-castanopsis forest
at 1,000-2000 m. fir, birch, rhododendron forests in
the sub-alpine(3,000-4,000 m); and herbs, grasses and
rhododendron/juniper shrubs in the alpine pas trues
(4,000-5,000 m). There are 47 varieties of orchids,
67 species of bamboos, 15 oaks including Arkhoulo, 86
species of fodder trees and 48 species of primrose.
Over 400 species of birds have been sighted in the Makalu-Barun
area, including two species never before seen in Nepal
the spotted wrenbabbler and the olive ground warbler.
Wildlife includes the endangered red panda, musk deer,
Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard and possibly snow
leopard, in addition to more substantial populations
of ghoral, thar, wild boar, barking deer, Himalayan
marmot and weasel, common langur monkey and the serow.
The Arun river system contains 84 varieties of fish.
- Entry Fee Per Person Per Entry:
- For Nepalese Nationals, Free
- For SAARC Nationals, Rs. 100/-
- For Other Foreign Nationals, Rs. 1,000/-
- (Note: Entrance fee not required for children under
To reach Makalu-Barun National Park & Conservation
Area, take the daily flight from Kathmandu to Lukla,
Phaplu, Lamidanda, Bhojpur and Tumlingtar. Visitors
choice to fly any one air link airports then trek.