Peak Climbing
Bhutan Information
The Dragon Kingdom

Bhutan often revered as the ‘Land of the Peaceful Dragon’ is still regarded as one of the last ‘Shangrilas’ in the Himalayan region because of its remoteness, it’s spectacular mountain terrain, Varied flora and fauna its unique ancient Buddhist monasteries. It is in the relatively unexplored pockets of Asia which allows only limited number of discerning travelers to enter the country in order to protect its fragile environment and culture.

Bhutan a purely Buddhist Himalayan Kingdom is unsurpassed in its scenic majesty and vibrant culture. The kingdom shares with Nepal the world’s greatest concentration of mountains and living heritage of Buddhism. The fifty minutes flight from Kathmandu to Paro can truly be described as a flight into fantasy. During the flight a first hand close up view of Mt. Everest, Mt. Kanchenjunga and other famous peaks become reality. Biweekly flights between these two kingdoms have made easier travel to the long isolated Dragon Kingdom of Bhutan.

Drukpa Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism is the state religion but the Nyingma School is also well represented in the central and eastern districts.

The monsoons start in mid June and lasts until the end of September. The climate within the mountains varies greatly according to precipitation and wind conditions. In the Duras plain and up to 1500m. the climate is sub-tropical with high humidity and heavy rainfall. The climate of mid-mountain belt varies, such that low-lying parts of Punakha, Mongar, Tashigangs and Lhuntse have cool winter and hot summers, whereas the higher valleys of Ha, Paro, Thimpu, Tongsa and Bumthang ranging from 2,500 – 4,500m. endure a temperate climate with cold snowy winters and somewhat cooler summers.

Bhutan (Druk yul)
Population : 7,00,000 (1996)
Capital : Thimpu
Location : Bhutan lies between 890 and 920 E and 270 and 280 N
Time : 30 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time. 6 hours
ahead of GMT
Language : Dzongkha
People : There are two main population groups in Bhutan: the Drukpa (67% of Tibetan and Monpa origin) and
Lhotsampa (30% of Nepalese origin).
The rest 3% comprise of indigenous tribal groups
Such as Toktop, Doya and Lepcha of SW Bhutan
Spring is rhododendron season in Bhutan. The mountain-sides all over the country are ablaze in shades of red and orange. Days are warm but nights are still cold. As the monsoon rises from the Bay of Bengal, spring turns to summer and three months of heavy monsoon rains. Arguably the loveliest time of the year in Bhutan, autumn brings clear skies & warm days.


In 1995, the per capita income was estimated at US $ 500 with the annual growth at 5%. Although these figures places Bhutan among the least developed nations the country is unlike others within that category as no famine, little malnutrition, good housing, exists. Over 91% of the populations depend on agriculture and livestock rearing which together account for some 50% of GDP, despite the fact that only 2% of the land is arable.

The National currency is Ngultrum (Nu) 100 Chetrum = 1 Nu. Exchange rate is approximately US $ 1 = Nu. 42.75 (1999) Indian Rupees circulate at par.

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