flag of Nepal is the only national flag which is not
rectangular, being based upon two separate pennants
which belonged to rival branches of the Rana dynasty,
which formerly ruled the country. The two pennants were
first joined in the last century, but it was not adopted
as the official flag until 1962, when a constitutional
form of government was established.
The moon in the upper part represents the royal house.
The sun in the lower part symbolizes a branch of the
Rana family, members of which acted as prime ministers
The charges are now said to represent the hope that
Nepal itself will last as long as the sun and the moon.
The style of these heavenly bodies was streamlined on
December 16, 1962. The coat of arms still portrays these
charges with facial features. Crimson is deemed the
Motto on their coat of arms: "The mother and the
Mother Earth are more important than the heavenly kingdom."
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